Fig. 1 | Communications Biology

Fig. 1

From: Enterococcus faecalis YM0831 suppresses sucrose-induced hyperglycemia in a silkworm model and in humans

Fig. 1

Inhibitory effect of the E. faecalis YM0831 against an increase in hemolymph glucose levels in silkworms induced by intake of sucrose or glucose. a Electron microscope image of E. faecalis YM0831 is shown. Scale bar indicates 1 µm. b Silkworms were fed a diet containing 10% (w/w) sucrose with or without E. faecalis YM0831 (6.3%, 12.5%, 25% [w/w] in the diet) for 1 h. Glucose levels in the silkworm hemolymph were measured (n = 14/group). c Silkworms were fed a diet containing 10% (w/w) sucrose or glucose with or without E. faecalis YM0831 (25% [w/w] in diet) for 1 h. Glucose levels in the silkworm hemolymph were measured (n = 7/group). d Silkworms were fed a diet containing 10% (w/w) sucrose with or without E. faecalis YM0831 (YM0831, 12.5% [w/w] in diet) or autoclaved E. faecalis YM0831 (autoclaved YM0831, 12.5% [w/w] in the diet) for 1 h. Glucose levels in the silkworm hemolymph were measured (n = 14/group). e Silkworms were fed a diet containing 10% (w/w) glucose with or without E. faecalis YM0831 (YM0831, 25% [w/w] in diet) or autoclaved YM0831 (autoclaved YM0831, 25% [w/w] in the diet) for 1 h. Glucose levels in the silkworm hemolymph were measured (n = 6–7/group). Data represent mean ± SEM. Statistically significant differences between groups were evaluated using Student’s t-test. **P < 0.01. ***P < 0.001. NS: P > 0.05

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