Water-induced deactivation of cobalt-based Fischer–Tropsch catalysts

The Fischer–Tropsch product, water, is regularly hypothesized to be the driving force for catalyst deactivation. Cobalt nanoparticles may be oxidized to CoO, form mixed-metal oxides with supports, or sinter to larger particles. This Comment discusses the feasibility of these deactivation pathways, highlighting the importance of in situ characterization.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Potential pathways of water-induced deactivation of cobalt-based catalysts.
Fig. 2: Thresholds for the oxidation of cobalt nanoparticles.

References

  1. 1.

    Bartholomew, C. H. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 212, 17–60 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Dry, M. E. FT Catalysts in Fischer–Tropsch Technology (eds Steynberg, A. P. & Dry, M. E.) 152, 533–600 (Elsevier, 2004).

  3. 3.

    van de Loosdrecht, J. et al. Catal. Today 123, 293–302 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Tavasoli, A., Malek Abbaslou, R. M. & Dalai, A. K. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 346, 58–64 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Dalai, A. K. & Davis, B. H. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 348, 1–15 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Tsakoumis, N. E., Rønning, M., Borg, Ø., Rytter, E. & Holmen, A. Catal. Today 154, 162–182 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    van Berge, P. J., van de Loosdrecht, J., Barradas, S. & van der Kraan, A. M. Catal. Today 58, 321–334 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Ellis, P. R., Enache, D. I., James, D. W., Jones, D. S. & Kelly, G. J. Nat. Catal. 2, 623–631 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Amrute, A. P., Jeske, K., Łodziana, Z., Prieto, G. & Schüth, F. Chem. Mater. 32, 4369–4374 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Claeys, M. & van Steen, E. Basic Studies. in Fischer–Tropsch Technology (eds. Steynberg, A. P. & Dry, M. E.) 152, 601–680 (Elsevier, 2004).

  11. 11.

    van Steen, E. et al. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 3575–3577 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kocić, S., Corral Valero, M., Schweitzer, J.-M. & Raybaud, P. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 590, 117332 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Wolf, M., Kotzé, H., Fischer, N. & Claeys, M. Faraday Discuss. 197, 243–268 (2017).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Wolf, M., Mutuma, B. K., Coville, N. J., Fischer, N. & Claeys, M. ACS Catal. 8, 3985–3989 (2018).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Saib, A. M., Borgna, A., van de Loosdrecht, J., van Berge, P. J. & Niemantsverdriet, J. W. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 8657–8664 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Saib, A. M., Borgna, A., van de Loosdrecht, J., van Berge, P. J. & Niemantsverdriet, J. W. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 312, 12–19 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Moodley, D. J. et al. Catal. Today 171, 192–200 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Tsakoumis, N. E. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 3706–3715 (2017).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Scalbert, J. et al. Chem. Commun. 50, 7866–7869 (2014).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Bezemer, G. L. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 3956–3964 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Fischer, N., van Steen, E. & Claeys, M. J. Catal. 299, 67–80 (2013).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Sadeqzadeh, M. et al. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51, 11955–11964 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Wolf, M., Fischer, N. & Claeys, M. J. Catal. 374, 199–207 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Claeys, M. et al. ACS Catal. 5, 841–852 (2015).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Fischer, N., Clapham, B., Feltes, T., van Steen, E. & Claeys, M. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53, 1342–1345 (2014).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    van Rensburg, W. J. et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 16739–16753 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Wolf, M. et al. ACS Catal. 9, 4902–4918 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Wolf, M. et al. Catal. Today 342, 71–78 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Kiss, G., Kliewer, C. E., DeMartin, G. J., Culross, C. C. & Baumgartner, J. E. J. Catal. 217, 127–140 (2003).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Moodley, D. J., van de Loosdrecht, J., Saib, A. M. & Niemantsverdriet, H. J. W. The formation and influence of carbon on cobalt-based Fischer–Tropsch catalysts: An integrated review. in Advances in Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis (eds. Davis, B. H. & Occelli, M. L.) 49–81 (CRC Press, 2010).

  31. 31.

    Storsæter, S., Borg, Ø., Blekkan, E. A., Tøtdal, B. & Holmen, A. Catal. Today 100, 343–347 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Storsæter, S., Borg, Ø., Blekkan, E. A. & Holmen, A. J. Catal. 231, 405–419 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Lögdberg, S. et al. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 393, 109–121 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Jacobs, G. et al. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 247, 335–343 (2003).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    van Deelen, T. W. et al. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 593, 117441 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Moya-Cancino, J. G. et al. ChemCatChem 11, 1–7 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    van de Loosdrecht, J., Datt, M. & Visagie, J. L. Top. Catal. 57, 430–436 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Prieto, G. et al. ACS Catal. 5, 3323–3335 (2015).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Financial support from the DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Catalysis (c*change), the University of Cape Town (UCT), and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

All authors contributed to planning, writing and editing of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michael Claeys.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wolf, M., Fischer, N. & Claeys, M. Water-induced deactivation of cobalt-based Fischer–Tropsch catalysts. Nat Catal 3, 962–965 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41929-020-00534-5

Download citation

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing