The reactive metal–support interaction (RMSI) offers electronic, geometric and compositional effects that can be used to tune catalytic active sites. Generally, supports other than oxides are disregarded as candidates for RMSI. Here, we report an example of non-oxide-based RMSI between platinum and Nb2CT x MXene—a recently developed, two-dimensional metal carbide. The surface functional groups of the two-dimensional carbide can be reduced, and a Pt–Nb surface alloy is formed at a moderate temperature (350 °C). Such an alloy exhibits weaker CO adsorption than monometallic platinum. Water-gas shift reaction kinetics reveals that the RMSI stabilizes the nanoparticles and creates alloy–MXene interfaces with higher H2O activation ability compared with a non-reducible support or a bulk niobium carbide. This RMSI between platinum and the niobium MXene support can be extended to other members of the MXene family and opens new avenues for the facile design and manipulation of functional bimetallic catalysts.
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Y.W. appreciates support from the Herbert L. Stiles Professorship and the ACRI Center Initiative at Iowa State University. F.H.R. acknowledges the partial support provided by the National Science Foundation. This paper is based on work supported in part by the National Science Foundation under cooperative agreement EEC-1647722. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
The authors have filed a patent application (US Patent application no. 62/579,364).
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Li, Z., Cui, Y., Wu, Z. et al. Reactive metal–support interactions at moderate temperature in two-dimensional niobium-carbide-supported platinum catalysts. Nat Catal 1, 349–355 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41929-018-0067-8
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