Metal-chelating aminocarboxylic acids are being used in a broad range of domestic products and industrial applications. With the recent identification of the fungal natural product aspergillomarasmine A as a potent and selective inhibitor of metallo-β-lactamases and a promising co-drug candidate to fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria, the academic and industrial interest in metal-chelating chiral aminocarboxylic acids further increased. Here, we report a biocatalytic route for the asymmetric synthesis of aspergillomarasmine A and various related aminocarboxylic acids from retrosynthetically designed substrates. This synthetic route highlights a highly regio- and stereoselective carbon–nitrogen bond-forming step catalysed by ethylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid lyase. The enzyme shows broad substrate promiscuity, accepting a wide variety of amino acids with terminal amino groups for selective addition to fumarate. We also report a two-step chemoenzymatic cascade route for the rapid diversification of enzymatically prepared aminocarboxylic acids by N-alkylation in one pot. This biocatalytic methodology offers a useful alternative route to difficult aminocarboxylic acid products.
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H.F. and J.Z. acknowledge funding from the China Scholarship Council. The authors thank A. Boltjes and W. Szymanski for insightful discussions, and R. H. Cool for assistance with enzyme purification.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Fu, H., Zhang, J., Saifuddin, M. et al. Chemoenzymatic asymmetric synthesis of the metallo-β-lactamase inhibitor aspergillomarasmine A and related aminocarboxylic acids. Nat Catal 1, 186–191 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41929-018-0029-1
Nature Catalysis (2019)
Nature Catalysis (2018)