Conventional wide-field-of-view cameras consist of multi-lens optics and flat image sensor arrays, which makes them bulky and heavy. As a result, they are poorly suited to advanced mobile applications such as drones and autonomous vehicles. In nature, the eyes of aquatic animals consist of a single spherical lens and a highly sensitive hemispherical retina, an approach that could be beneficial in the development of synthetic wide-field-of-view imaging systems. Here, we report an aquatic-vision-inspired camera that consists of a single monocentric lens and a hemispherical silicon nanorod photodiode array. The imaging system features a wide field of view, miniaturized design, low optical aberration, deep depth of field and simple visual accommodation. Furthermore, under vignetting, the photodiode array enables high-quality panoramic imaging due to the enhanced photodetection properties of the silicon nanorod photodiodes.
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The data that support the plots within this paper and other findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
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This research was supported by the Institute for Basic Science (IBS-R006-A1). This research was also supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea (2017M3D1A1039288/2018R1A4A1025623).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Kim, M., Lee, G.J., Choi, C. et al. An aquatic-vision-inspired camera based on a monocentric lens and a silicon nanorod photodiode array. Nat Electron 3, 546–553 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-0429-5
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