The integration of optical signal generation and reception into one device—thus allowing a bidirectional optical signal transmission between two identical devices—is of value in the development of miniaturized and integrated optoelectronic devices. However, conventional solution-processable semiconductors have intrinsic material and design limitations that prevent them from being used to create such devices with a high performance. Here we report an efficient solution-processed perovskite diode that is capable of working in both emission and detection modes. The device can be switched between modes by changing the bias direction, and it exhibits light emission with an external quantum efficiency of over 21% and a light detection limit on a subpicowatt scale. The operation speed for both functions can reach tens of megahertz. Benefiting from the small Stokes shift of perovskites, our diodes exhibit a high specific detectivity (more than 2 × 1012 Jones) at its peak emission (~804 nm), which allows an optical signal exchange between two identical diodes. To illustrate the potential of the dual-functional diode, we show that it can be used to create a monolithic pulse sensor and a bidirectional optical communication system.
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The data that support the plots within this paper and other findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
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We thank M. Kovalenko for helpful discussions. This work is supported by the ERC Starting Grant (Grant no. 717026), the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 91733302), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos 51472164 and 61704077), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant no. 61725502), the 1000 Talents Program for Young Scientists of China, Shenzhen Peacock Plan (Grant no. KQTD2016053112042971), the Educational Commission of Guangdong Province (Grant no. 2015KGJHZ006), the Key Projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China (61935017), the Projects of International Cooperation and Exchanges NSFC (51811530018), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20171007), the European Commission Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (691210), the Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linköping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU no. 2009-00971), the Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics PhD short-term visiting scholar project (Grant no. 180608DF06) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M622744 and 2018T110886). W.H. acknowledges the support from Synergetic Innovation Center for Organic Electronics & Information Displays. F.G. is a Wallenberg Academy Fellow.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Bao, C., Xu, W., Yang, J. et al. Bidirectional optical signal transmission between two identical devices using perovskite diodes. Nat Electron 3, 156–164 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-0382-3
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