Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


CMOS technology on another level

Ternary logic circuits can be fabricated using commercial silicon technology.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Operation principle of the ternary inverter.


  1. 1.

    Huber, J. L. et al. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 42, 2149–2153 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Gang, W., Li, C. & Qin, L. J. Semicond. 30, 025011 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Murotiya, S. L. & Gupta, A. Int. J. Electron. 103, 913–927 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Karmakar, S. Silicon 6, 169–178 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Shim, J. et al. Nat. Commun. 7, 13413 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Kim, Y. J. et al. Sci. Rep. 6, 39353 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Lee, L. et al. Nat. Commun. 10, 1998 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Jeong, J. W. et al. Nat. Electron. (2019).

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Byoung Hun Lee.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lee, B.H. CMOS technology on another level. Nat Electron 2, 272–273 (2019).

Download citation


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing