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Circular economy and electronic waste

Electronic waste is the fastest growing category of hazardous solid waste in the world. Addressing the problem will require international collaboration, economic incentives that protect labour, and management approaches that minimize adverse impacts on the environment and human health.

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Fig. 1: Approaches to electronic waste dismantling.

photograph in panel a courtesy of Apple, Inc.; photographs in panels be taken on location by O.A.O.

Fig. 2: Illustration of a simplified self-help group park.


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Correspondence to Oladele A. Ogunseitan.

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Competing interests

Oladele A. Ogunseitan co-chairs the Green Chemistry Advisory Board for Apple, Inc. (unpaid). Jinhui Li is executive director of the United Nations Basel Convention Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific.

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Awasthi, A.K., Li, J., Koh, L. et al. Circular economy and electronic waste. Nat Electron 2, 86–89 (2019).

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