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Best practices for operando hard X-ray absorption spectroscopy

A powerful technique with broad applications, operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is widely used but there is a lack of design and reporting standards. Focusing on water-splitting electrocatalysts, we propose best practices for the reproducibility, replicability and reliability of operando XAS studies.

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Fig. 1: Examples of spectro-electrochemical cells and operando h-XAS data.


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E.F. gratefully acknowledges the Swiss National Science Foundation through its PRIMA grant (grant no. PR00P2_193111). T.J.S. thanks the Swiss Center of Excellence on Net Zero Emissions.

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Correspondence to Emiliana Fabbri.

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Clark, A.H., Schmidt, T.J. & Fabbri, E. Best practices for operando hard X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Nat Sustain 7, 688–691 (2024).

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