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Sustainable batteries

A chloride hybrid for a stride


A safe aqueous electrolyte design with hybrid salts and solvents turns a zinc metal anode highly reversible under conditions matching practical operational requirements, paving the way for the future market adoption of more sustainable battery technologies.

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Fig. 1: Schematics of Zn metal anode electrochemistry.


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We acknowledge the support provided by The University of North Carolina at Charlotte and express thanks to M. A. Schroeder for discussions on this work.

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Correspondence to Lin Ma.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Shipitsyn, V., Ma, L. A chloride hybrid for a stride. Nat Sustain (2023).

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