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Best practices for electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide

Carbon capture, utilization and storage, a fundamental process to a sustainable future, relies on a suite of technologies among which electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide is essential. Here, we discuss the issues faced when reporting performance of this technology and recommend how to move forward at both materials and device levels.

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Fig. 1: Schematic illustration of the basic configurations of an electrochemical cell for a CO2 reduction experiment.


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The authors thank C. A. G. Rodriguez at Technical University of Denmark for creating the figure. B.S. acknowledges funding from the Villum Foundation V-SUSTAIN grant 9455 to the Villum Center for the Science of Sustainable Fuels and Chemicals and funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 85144 (SELECT-CO2). M.R. acknowledges the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) for partial financial support. F.J. thanks the financial support by the US National Science Foundation (award no. 2119435).

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Correspondence to Feng Jiao.

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Seger, B., Robert, M. & Jiao, F. Best practices for electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide. Nat Sustain (2023).

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