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Intensive millet–pig systems supported the rise of complex societies in North China

The cause of the sudden increase in the complexity of prehistoric societies 4,000–6,000 years ago is unknown. Pig diet and millet-field manuring studies indicate that an intensive millet–pig system developed approximately 5,500 years ago in North China, which provided food for the growing populations of the emerging complex societies.

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Fig. 1: Schematic drawing of the intensive millet–pig agriculture system used in Neolithic North China.

References

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This is a summary of: Yang, J. et al. Sustainable intensification of millet–pig agriculture in Neolithic North China. Nat. Sustain. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-00905-9 (2022).

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Intensive millet–pig systems supported the rise of complex societies in North China. Nat Sustain 5, 739–740 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-00907-7

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