Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Tap water and bladder cancer in China

In China, rapid growth is raising concerns about the impacts of industrial pollution on drinking water and health. A recent study identifies concentrations of disinfection byproducts as a possible culprit in high levels of bladder cancer.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: China’s rapid industrialization has raised concerns about impacts on drinking water quality.

Liia Galimzianova / Alamy Stock Photo.


  1. Liu, M. et al. Nat. Sustain. (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Yardley, J. China chemical spills spur plan to guard water supply. New York Times (January 12 2016).

  3. Li, X.-F. & Mitch, W. A. Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 1681–1689 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Costet, N. et al. Occup. Environ. Med. 68, 379–385 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Richardson, S. D., Plewa, M. J., Wagner, E. D., Schoeny, R. & DeMarini, D. M. Mutat. Res. 636, 178–242 (2007).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Wagner, E. D. & Plewa, M. J. J. Environ. Sci. 58, 64–76 (2017).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Plewa, M. J., Wagner, E. D. & Richardson, S. D. J. Environ. Sci. 58, 208–216 (2017).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Chuang, Y. H., Szczuka, A. & Mitch, W. A. Environ. Sci. Technol. 53, 3729–3738 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Harkness, J. S. et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 49, 1955–1963 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Fang, C. et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 55, 12326–12336 (2021).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to William A. Mitch.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mitch, W.A. Tap water and bladder cancer in China. Nat Sustain 5, 643–644 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing