Manganese could be the element of choice for cathode materials used in large-scale energy storage systems owing to its abundance and low toxicity levels. However, both lithium- and sodium-ion batteries adopting this electrode chemistry suffer from rapid performance fading, suggesting a major technical barrier that must be overcome. Here we report a P3-type layered manganese oxide cathode Na0.6Li0.2Mn0.8O2 (NLMO) that delivers a high capacity of 240 mAh g−1 with outstanding cycling stability in a lithium half-cell. Combined experimental and theoretical characterizations reveal a characteristic topological feature that enables the good electrochemical performance. Specifically, the -α-γ- layer stack provides topological protection for lattice oxygen redox, whereas reversibility is absent in P2-structured NLMO, which takes an -α-β- configuration. The identified new order parameter opens an avenue towards the rational design of reversible Mn-rich cathode materials for sustainable batteries.
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This work was supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Z190010), National Key R&D Program of China (no. 2019YFA0308500), the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDB07030200, XDA21070500), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 51672307, 51991344, 52025025, 52072400, 52002394, 51725206, 11805034, 21704105 and U1930102), Beijing Natural Science Fund-Haidian Original Innovation Joint Fund (L182056), the Basic Science Centre Program of NSFC (grant no. 51788104) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2017A030313021).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Gao, A., Zhang, Q., Li, X. et al. Topologically protected oxygen redox in a layered manganese oxide cathode for sustainable batteries. Nat Sustain 5, 214–224 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-021-00809-0
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