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From Mario Kart to pro-poor environmental governance

Improving environmental stewardship requires improvement of the options available down to the poorest resource users. Agriculture will no longer be the path to development and better options that it once was, without rethinking how and where to intervene. An iconic video game provides a lens into how this can happen.

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Fig. 1: Causal loop representation of rubber-banding in different systems.


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I thank S. McDermid, D. Kanter and faculty at the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) for comments on earlier versions of this concept.

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Correspondence to Andrew Reid Bell.

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The author declares no competing interests.

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Peer review information Nature Sustainability thanks Peter Newton and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Bell, A.R. From Mario Kart to pro-poor environmental governance. Nat Sustain 4, 376–378 (2021).

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