Extended Data Fig. 1: Global distribution of physical footprint of marine construction as of 2018. | Nature Sustainability

Extended Data Fig. 1: Global distribution of physical footprint of marine construction as of 2018.

From: Current and projected global extent of marine built structures

Extended Data Fig. 1

Data for aquaculture a, artificial reefs c, marinas d, and oil and gas pipelines e, are expressed per km2 within each Exclusive Economic Zone (grey: missing data). The location of commercial ports and their size (estimated considering physical size and traffic) were sourced from the World Resources Institute b. Oil and gas rigs f, are expressed per km2 within each offshore field. Location of each structure (blue dots) is shown for tunnels and bridges g, breakwaters h, and artificial islands i.

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