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Measuring resilience is essential to understand it

The terms sustainability, resilience and others group under the heading of ‘stability’. Their ubiquity speaks to a vital need to characterize changes in complex social and environmental systems. In a bewildering array of terms, practical measurements are essential to permit comparisons and so untangle underlying relationships.

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Fig. 1: Changes in an index of the harvest of wintering woodcocks and the US stock index.

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Correspondence to Stuart L. Pimm.

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Pimm, S.L., Donohue, I., Montoya, J.M. et al. Measuring resilience is essential to understand it. Nat Sustain 2, 895–897 (2019).

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