MACHINE LEARNING

AI assists in locating hidden farms

In many countries, it is difficult for government agencies to know where animal farms are located. Using satellite imaging and deep learning provides a new, effective, accurate and low-cost approach for detecting these facilities.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Dimitri, C. et al. The 20th Century Transformation of US Agriculture and Farm Policy Economic Information Bulletin 3 (USDA, 2005).

  2. 2.

    Copeland, C. Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations 367 (CAFOs) Tech Report CRS-RL31851 (Congressional Research Service, 2010).

  3. 3.

    Herrero, M. et al. Ann. Rev. Environ. Res. 40, 177–202 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) Reporting Rule Federal Register 76 65431–65458 (Environmental Protection Agency, 2011).

  5. 5.

    Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: EPA Needs More Information and a Clearly Defined Strategy to Protect Air and Water Quality from Pollutants of Concern Tech Report GAO-08-944 (US Government Accountability Office, 2008).

  6. 6.

    Kamilaris, A. & Prenafeta-Boldú, F. X. Computers Electron. Agricult. 147, 70–90 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Krizhevsky, A. et al. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 1097–1105 (2012).

  8. 8.

    Szegedy, C. et al. Rethinking the inception architecture for computer vision. In Proc. IEEE Conf. Computer Vision Pattern Recog. https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2016.308 (2016).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Francesc X. Prenafeta-Boldú or Andreas Kamilaris.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Prenafeta-Boldú, F.X., Kamilaris, A. AI assists in locating hidden farms. Nat Sustain 2, 262–263 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0264-8

Download citation

Search

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing