Table 2 Ranking of the 11 largest countries by leaf area and its change during 2000–2017

From: China and India lead in greening of the world through land-use management

Rank Annual average leaf area in 2000 (million km2) Net change in leaf area (10–1 million km2) Net change in leaf area (%)
1 Brazil (29.68) China (13.51) China (17.80)
2 Russia (12.36) Russia (7.57) India (11.10)
3 United States (8.93) EU (4.02) EU (7.78)
4 Indonesia (8.69) India (3.65) Canada (7.13)
5 DRC (8.50) United States (3.59) Russia (6.62)
6 China (7.64) Canada (3.35) Australia (5.62)
7 Canada (5.41) Australia (2.83) United States (4.55)
8 EU (5.23) Brazil (1.12) Mexico (4.07)
9 Australia (5.19) Mexico (0.96) Argentina (1.70)
10 India (3.33) DRC (0.96) Brazil (1.54)
11 Mexico (2.66) Indonesia (0.51) DRC (1.34)
12 Argentina (2.16) Argentina (0.13) Indonesia (0.83)
  1. The following large countries were excluded because of unfavourable climatic conditions for vegetation growth: Algeria, Denmark (which includes Greenland), Kazakhstan and Saudi Arabia. The EU is included here, although it is not a country. DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo.