Policy design for the Anthropocene


Today, more than ever, ‘Spaceship Earth’ is an apt metaphor as we chart the boundaries for a safe planet1. Social scientists both analyse why society courts disaster by approaching or even overstepping these boundaries and try to design suitable policies to avoid these perils. Because the threats of transgressing planetary boundaries are global, long-run, uncertain and interconnected, they must be analysed together to avoid conflicts and take advantage of synergies. To obtain policies that are effective at both international and local levels requires careful analysis of the underlying mechanisms across scientific disciplines and approaches, and must take politics into account. In this Perspective, we examine the complexities of designing policies that can keep Earth within the biophysical limits favourable to human life.

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Fig. 1: Planetary boundaries, tipping points and policies.
Fig. 2: Planetary boundaries and policy trade-offs.


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We are grateful for funding from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and BECC (Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate) as well as Mistra Carbon Exit. Comments from S. Barrett, P. Dasgupta and B. Groom are gratefully acknowledged.

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All authors met for a two-day workshop and have contributed in every phase. The editing was led by an inner circle of authors including I.B., I.v.d.B., A.-S.C., C.F., J.H., O.J.-S., J.R., H.G.S., W.S., G.W., J.E.W., T.S. and E.B.B. The work was coordinated by T.S.

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Correspondence to Thomas Sterner.

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Sterner, T., Barbier, E.B., Bateman, I. et al. Policy design for the Anthropocene. Nat Sustain 2, 14–21 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0194-x

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