Table 3 Sensitivity analysis to measuring the collider on the wrong scale.

From: Eliminating biasing signals in lung cancer images for prognosis predictions with deep learning

ModelActual \(x\)Measured \(x^\prime\)\({\mathrm{MSE}}_{{\mathrm{y}}}\)\({\mathrm{ATE}}\)
Regression*AreaArea1.991.00
CausalNetAreaArea2.231.02
CausalNetDiameterVolume2.240.99
CausalNetVolumeDiameter2.211.02
  1. Mean squared error for survival (MSEy) along with estimated average treatment effect (ATE). The regression* results indicate the optimal results attainable for this simulated scenario