Table 1 Fourteen neurocognitive assessments covering five cognitive domains and dexterity were performed by a neuropsychologist. Shown are the group mean and standard deviation, range of score, and the correlation between each test and the cross-validated prediction constructed from the digital biomarkers for that test

From: Digital biomarkers of cognitive function

Cognitive predictions
  Mean (SD) Range R (predicted), p-value
Working memory
Digits forward 10.9 (2.7) 7–15 0.71 ± 0.10, 10−4
Digits backward 8.3 (2.7) 4–14 0.75 ± 0.08, 10−5
Executive function
Trail A 23.0 (7.6) 12–39 0.70 ± 0.10, 10−4
Trail B 53.3 (13.1) 37–88 0.82 ± 0.06, 10−6
Symbol digit modality 55.8 (7.7) 43–67 0.70 ± 0.10, 10−4
Language
Animal fluency 22.5 (3.8) 15–30 0.67 ± 0.11, 10−4
FAS phonemic fluency 42 (7.1) 27–52 0.63 ± 0.12, 10−3
Dexterity
Grooved pegboard test (dominant hand) 62.7 (6.7) 51–75 0.73 ± 0.09, 10−4
Memory
California verbal learning test (delayed free recall) 14.1 (1.9) 9–16 0.62 ± 0.12, 10−3
WMS-III logical memory (delayed free recall) 29.4 (6.2) 18–42 0.81 ± 0.07, 10−6
Brief visuospatial memory test (delayed free recall) 10.2 (1.8) 5–12 0.77 ± 0.08, 10−5
Intelligence scale
WAIS-IV block design 46.1(12.8) 12–61 0.83 ± 0.06, 10−6
WAIS-IV matrix reasoning 22.1(3.3) 12–26 0.80 ± 0.07, 10−6
WAIS-IV vocabulary 40.6(4.0) 31–50 0.67 ± 0.11, 10−4