Fig. 3 | npj Climate and Atmospheric Science

Fig. 3

From: Evidence for a volcanic underpinning of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

Fig. 3

North Atlantic basin-wide SST and atmospheric circulation patterns after major volcanic eruption. This example shows mean conditions that developed over three years following the eruptions of Santa María (1902) (left panels) and Pinatubo (1991) (right panels). a SST anomaly. b 10-meter wind speed. c 10-meter wind speed anomaly. Anomalies in reference to 1871–1900 and 1996–2010 climatologies for Santa María and Pinatubo, respectively. Different climate periods are used for the anomaly maps in order to compensate for the significant warming over the past century. Refer also to Supplementary Fig. S1 for anomalies derived from a detrended SST signal and 1854–2016 climatology. Observed SST from NOAA ERSST V3b. Wind and pressure from NOAA 20th Century Reanalysis

Back to article page