Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients without dizziness and with dizziness.

From: Dizziness in Parkinson’s disease patients is associated with vestibular function

  Without dizziness
n = 56
With dizziness
n = 28
p* value
Age, years 64.4 ± 8.7 67.6 ± 9.2 0.126
Women, n (%) 37 (66.1) 10 (35.7) 0.011
Duration of disease, years 3.3 ± 3.1 3.5 ± 2.4 0.760
K-MMSE 26.2 ± 3.2a 25.8 ± 3.0 0.637
Education, years 8.8 ± 5.3b 8.9 ± 4.7c 0.946
HY stage 1.8 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.7 0.095
UPDRS III 16.1 ± 8.8 17.5 ± 7.6 0.471
Total LEDD 389.0 ± 303.0 381.3 ± 340.2 0.916
Dizziness severity - 3.8 ± 2.1d -
  1. K-MMSE, the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination; HY stage, Hoehn and Yahr stage; UPDRS III, Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale part III; Total LEDD, total levodopa equivalent daily dose.
  2. Values are expressed as means ± SD or number (percentage). Dizziness severity was evaluated with visual analogue scale having a range of scores from 0 to 10. Missing cases were not included and the number of the case was atwo, bfour, cone, and dthree.
  3. *p < 0.05 indicates significant differences.