Results of Experiment 1. The numbers of pumps on balloons that did not burst are presented in each time bin in the long manipulation (a) and short manipulation (b) conditions, respectively. Vertical dotted lines indicate that (lucky or unlucky) initial manipulation ended after the second (long manipulation) or the first (short manipulation) time bin. Each time bin consists of five consecutive balloons. Figure part (c) shows the numbers of pumps on balloons that did not burst across all conditions and balloons. Shaded areas represent 95% confidence intervals for means, depicted with continuous lines. Points denote individual data points in all figure parts. Figures were created using the ggplot2 package68.