Table 2 Comparisons using the 4-point criteria. Comparability was considered if at least 3 out of 4 of the following conditions were similar: a) population density, b) percentage of the urban population, c) Human Development Index and d) total area of the region. Similarity was considered adequate when a variation in conditions a), b) and c) was within 30%, while, for condition d), a variation of 50% was considered adequate (Further details are in Auxiliary Supplementary Material—4 point criteria).

From: Stay-at-home policy is a case of exception fallacy: an internet-based ecological study

Region/country (controlled) Region/country (not controlled) Comparability p Value*
Austria Serbia 4–4 0.055
Bahrain City of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil 4–4 0.911
Belgium Israel 4–4 0.114
Canada Australia 4–4 0.965
Czech Republic State of Alagoas 3–4 0.3501
Denmark Turkey 3–4 0.911
Finland State of Goiás 4–4 0.268
City of Fortaleza, CE, Brazil City of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil 4–4 0.301
France Ukraine 3–4 0.623
Germany Qatar 3–4 0.892
Greece Bulgaria 4–4 0.275
Ireland Croatia 4–4 0.711
Italy State of São Paulo 3–4 0.928
Japan Israel 3–4 0.102
Kuwait Luxembourg 3–4 0.060
City of Manaus, AM, Brazil Qatar 3–4 0.524
Macedonia Romania 3–4 0.6169
Netherlands City of Brasília, Brazil 3–4 0.459
New York City City of São Paulo, SP, Brazil 3–4 0.645
Norway Saudi Arabia 3–4 0.379
Portugal United Arab Emirates 3–4 0.248
Russia United States of America 3–4 0.557
Slovenia Poland 4–4 0.875
South Korea Lebanon 3–4 0.645
Spain State of Minas Gerais 3–4 0.853
State of Acre State of Amapá 4–4 0.803
State of Amazonas Colombia 3–4 0.638
State of Pará Libya 3–4 0.681
State of Roraima State of Rondônia 3–4 0.042
Sweden State of Bahia 4–4 0.131
Switzerland State of Espírito Santo 3–4 0.745
Tokyo, Japan City of São Paulo, SP, Brazil 4–4 0.731
United Kingdom State of Rio Grande do Sul 3–4 0.084
  1. *Linear regression.