Table 3 Factors associated with the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) scores in patients with glaucoma. Logistic Regression Analysis of BAI score.

From: The effect of anxiety and depression on progression of glaucoma

Variables Univariate model Multivariate model
Odds ratio, 95% CI P value Odds ratio, 95% CI P value
Age, y 1.01, 0.98–1.03 0.619   
Sex, male/female 0.99, 0.51–1.93 0.989   
Hypertension, n (%) 1.45, 0.66–3.21 0.357   
Diabetics, n (%) 1.26, 0.26–6.14 0.778   
CCT, µm 0.99, 0.99–1.00 0.185   
Axial length, mm 1.03, 0.85–1.24 0.802   
PPA/Disc area, per 1 µm larger (%) 0.59, 0.25–1.37 0.220   
Tilt ratio 0.87, 0.17–4.42 0.867   
Torsion ratio 0.98, 0.95–1.02 0.303   
VF MD, dB 1.04, 0.97–1.12 0.262   
VF PSD, dB 0.93, 0.84–1.03 0.151   
VF MD progression rate, dB/year 1.63, 0.63–4.18 0.314   
RNFL thickness loss rate, µm/year 1.66, 1.19–2.33 0.003 1.69, 1.20–2.38 0.003
Follow-up duration (month) 0.99, 0.98–1.01 0.377   
Mean IOP 1.12, 1.00–1.25 0.051   
Peak IOP 1.08, 1.00–1.17 0.046 1.00, 0.87–1.15 0.991
IOP fluctuation 1.08, 0.99–1.19 0.084   
Mean blood pressure 0.98, 0.94–1.03 0.489   
Disc hemorrhage 3.90, 1.18–12.95 0.026 6.79, 1.48–31.08 0.014
Heart rate variability 1.01, 1.00–1.03 0.059   
  1. CI, confidence interval; CCT, central corneal thickness; PPA, peripapillary atrophy; VF, visual field; MD, mean deviation; PSD, pattern standard deviation; RNFL, retinal nerve fiber layer; IOP, intraocular pressure.
  2. Variables with p < 0.05 were included in the multivariate analysis.
  3. Statistically significant values are shown in bold.