Table 1 Overall physical activity and guideline adherence before and during the COVID-19 lockdown in Germany (MoMo Study).

From: Physical activity and screen time of children and adolescents before and during the COVID-19 lockdown in Germany: a natural experiment

Age Sex Days active [days/week] PA guideline adherence ST guideline adherence
Pre (M ± s) Peri (M ± s) Peri–pre (diff. [95% CI], d) Pre (%) Peri (%) Peri–pre (diff. [95% CI]) Pre (%) Peri (%) Peri–pre (diff. [95% CI])
4–5 (n = 317) m 4.7 ± 1.8 5.6 ± 1.7 + 0.9 [0.6, 1.2], 0.46** 30.0 47.7 + 17.7% [7.3, 27.5]** 94.7 69.4 − 25.3% [− 17.5, − 33.0]**
f 5.0 ± 1.8 5.6 ± 1.6 + 0.6 [0.3, 0.9], 0.30** 32.2 43.5 + 11.4% [0.2, 22.1]* 92.5 76.9 − 15.6% [− 7.4, − 23.7]**
Ø 4.8 ± 1.8 5.6 ± 1.6 + 0.8 [0.5, 1.0], 0.39** 31.0 45.7 + 14.7% [7.2, 22.1] ** 93.7 72.9 − 20.1% [− 15.2, − 26.4]**
6–10 (n = 647) m 4.8 ± 1.7 5.2 ± 1.9 + 0.4 [0.2, 0.7], 0.19** 28.7 44.1 + 15.4% [8.2, 22.4]** 77.6 42.4 − 35.5% [− 28.4, − 42.0]**
f 4.5 ± 1.7 5.1 ± 1.8 + 0.6 [0.4, 0.8], 0.29** 22.7 37.4 + 14.8% [7.4, 21.8]** 79.7 52.6 − 27.1% [− 19.6, − 34.1]**
Ø 4.7 ± 1.7 5.2 ± 1.9 + 0.5 [0.3, 0.7], 0.24** 25.9 41.0 + 15.1% [10.0, 20.1]** 78.6 47.1 − 31.6% [− 26.5, − 36.4]**
11–13 (n = 343) m 4.0 ± 1.8 4.3 ± 2.0 + 0.3 [0.0, 0.6], 0.15 15.2 23.5 + 8.3% [− 0.2, 16.8] 38.7 15.7 − 23.0% [− 13.5, − 32.0]**
f 3.6 ± 1.6 3.8 ± 2.0 + 0.3 [− 0.1, 0.6], 0.13 6.9 14.1 + 7.2% [0.8, 13.8]* 41.4 17.0 − 24.3% [− 14.9, − 33.2]**
Ø 3.8 ± 1.7 4.1 ± 2.0 + 0.3 [0.1, 0.5], 0.14* 10.9 18.7 + 7.7% [2.4, 13.1]* 40.1 16.4 − 23.7% [− 17.0, − 30.1]**
14–17 (n = 404) m 3.7 ± 1.6 3.7 ± 1.8 + 0.1 [− 0.3, 0.4], 0.02 5.7 11.2 + 5.6% [− 0.3, 11.6] 15.3 7.3 − 8.3% [− 1.4, − 14.8]*
f 3.5 ± 1.6 3.9 ± 1.8 + 0.4 [0.2, 0.7], 0.22** 5.9 9.7 + 3.9% [− 1.2, 9.0] 30.8 16.8 − 14.0% [− 6.1, − 21.7]**
Ø 3.6 ± 1.6 3.8 ± 1.8 + 0.3 [0.1, 0.5], 0.13* 5.8 10.4 + 4.8% [0.9, 8.5]* 23.9 12.6 − 11.3% [− 6.0, − 16.6]**
4–17 (n = 1711) m 4.4 ± 1.8 4.8 ± 2.0 + 0.4 [0.3, 0.6], 0.20** 21.4 34.0 + 12.5% [8.2, 16.6]** 60.7 35.2 − 25.5% [− 20.8, − 30.0]**
f 4.1 ± 1.8 4.6 ± 1.9 + 0.5 [0.3, 0.6], 0.24** 16.4 26.3 + 9.5% [4.5, 13.3]** 61.1 40.0 − 21.1% [− 16.4, − 25.7]**
Ø 4.3 ± 1.8 4.7 ± 2.0 + 0.4 [0.4, 0.5], 0.22** 19.1 30.2 + 11.1% [8.2, 13.9]** 60.9 37.6 − 23.3% [− 20.0, − 26.5]**
  1. PA guideline adherence: being physically active for 60 min or more a day during a normal week; ST guideline adherence: Using recreational screen time media for 120 min or less a day during a normal week.
  2. m male, f female, Ø mean of males and females, M mean, s standard deviation, diff. difference peri-pre, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, d effect size Cohen’s d.
  3. */**Significant difference (*p < .05; **p < .01).