Table 3 Cognitive performance across groups.

From: Cognitive performance and behavior across idiopathic/genetic epilepsies in children and adolescents

  IGE/GGE IFE GE p value
Mean ± SD Range (Min;Max) 95% CI Mean ± SD Range (Min;Max) 95% CI Mean ± SD Range (Min;Max) 95% CI
Non-verbal IQ 92.2 ± 16.0 57;125 87.6–96.8 97.6 ± 18.1 65;129 90.1–105.1 81.4 ± 23.5 47;129 71.8–90.1 p = 0.008
Verbal IQ 92.7 ± 15.7 59;128 88.4–97.1 94.4 ± 19.0 54;126 86.7–102.1 79.8 ± 21.9 45;116 71.8–87.8 p = 0.003
Working Memory IQ 89.6 ± 15.5 59;117 84.7–94.5 100.8 ± 16.5 62;126 92.9–108.8 76.9 ± 19.8 48;120 68.1–85.7 p < 0.001
Processing speed IQ 88.2 ± 16.1 50;131 83.6–92.8 93.3 ± 14.2 60;117 87.5–99.2 75.7 ± 17.2 46;117 69.0–82.3 p < 0.001
Total IQ 89.0 ± 15.9 54;118 84.5–93.4 94.8 ± 18.1 59;119 87.3–102.3 76.4 ± 22.4 41;127 67.6–85.3 p = 0.001
  1. Intergroup differences are considered significant at p ≤ 0.05.
  2. IQ, intelligence quotient; IGE/GGE, idiopathic/genetic generalized epilepsy; IFE, idiopathic focal epilepsy; GE, genetic epilepsy; CI, confidence interval; SD, standard deviation; Min, minimum; Max, maximum.