Table 3 Healthcare utilization of study population, by study group.

From: Overuse of reliever inhalers and associated healthcare utilization of asthma patients

Variable Refilled ≥ 3 prescriptions of canisters of relievers annually Refilled < 3 prescriptions of canisters of relievers annually P valuea
Total healthcare utilization costs 5550 ± 6049
(3325,5140)
5562 ± 9229
(2944,4699)
0.107
Medication costs 1734 ± 2493
(1123,1077)
1504 ± 5655
(661,843)
 < 0.001
Number of Rx 251 ± 170
(200,193)
164 ± 142
(112,140)
 < 0.001
Surgical procedure costs 1166 ± 3383
(0,0)
980 ± 3339
(0,0)
0.505
Number of procedures 0.2 ± 0.5
(0,0)
0.2 ± 0.4
(0,0)
0.554
Diagnostic procedure costs 897 ± 1019
(538,1024)
956 ± 1101
(599,925)
0.387
Number of procedures 14.5 ± 13.0
(12,16)
15.8 ± 14.4
(12,16)
0.310
Hospitalization costs 741 ± 1815
(0,492)
944 ± 2863
(0,594)
0.405
Number of admissions 0.4 ± 0.9
(0,1)
0.6 ± 1.3
(0,1)
0.259
Number of days 1.2 ± 3.0
(0,1)
1.5 ± 4.6
(0,1)
0.419
Outpatients specialists’ consultation costs 593 ± 621
(435,607)
721 ± 776
(503,708)
0.030
Number of visits 21.3 ± 21.9
(15,24)
25.8 ± 26.2
(18,27)
0.019
Emergency room costs 361 ± 480
(196,475)
363 ± 488
(196,505)
0.884
Number of visits 2.0 ± 2.5
(1,3)
2.1 ± 2.6
(1,3)
0.746
One-day outpatient care costs 58 ± 281
(0,0)
94 ± 515
(0,0)
0.117
Number of visits 0.1 ± 0.4
(0,0)
0.2 ± 1.6
(0,0)
0.100
Number of primary care visits 126 ± 76
(103,82)
121 ± 80
(98,86)
0.219
  1. Values are mean ± SD (median, IQR). Costs are in US Dollars.
  2. aMann-Whitney U Test.