Table 1 Regression analysis.

From: Positive attitudes and negative expectations in lonely individuals

Predictors Regression models
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Intercept − 0.16 (0.01)*** − 0.16 (0.01)*** − 0.06 (0.02)*** − 0.10 (0.01)***
Social preferences
Altruism 0.06 (0.007)*** 0.06 (0.007)*** 0.06 (0.007)*** 0.04 (0.006)***
Social support 0.04 (0.006)*** 0.04 (0.006)*** 0.04 (0.006)*** 0.04 (0.005)***
Reciprocity − 0.02 (0.007)** − 0.02 (0.007)** − 0.02 (0.006)* − 0.01 (0.006)
Fairness − 0.11 (0.006)*** − 0.11 (0.006)*** − 0.08 (0.006)*** − 0.05 (0.005)***
Trust − 0.05 (0.006)*** − 0.05 (0.006)*** − 0.02 (0.006)* − 0.004 (0.006)
Social network quality
Overall social contact − 0.09 (0.007)*** − 0.08 (0.006)*** − 0.06 (0.006)***
Meaningful social contact − 0.04 (0.007)*** − 0.02 (0.007)** − 0.02 (0.006)*
Contact seeking 0.001 (0.007) 0.01 (0.007) 0.01 (0.006)
Health and life satisfaction
General health status − 0.09 (0.007)*** − 0.02 (0.006)***
Life satisfaction − 0.27 (0.009)*** − 0.10 (0.009)***
Mental health
Depression 0.28 (0.008)***
Hopelessness 0.14 (0.007)***
Biographical variables
Sex 0.02 (0.003)*** 0.01 (0.003)*** 0.01 (0.003)*** 0.003 (0.003)
Age − 0.0003 (0.0001)* − 0.001 (0.0001)*** − 0.001 (0.0001)*** − 0.0004 (0.0001)***
Education − 0.05 (0.007)*** − 0.04 (0.007)*** − 0.02 (0.006)** − 0.01 (0.006)*
Employment status − 0.002 (0.004) 0.01 (0.004)* 0.009 (0.003)* 0.003 (0.003)
Relationship status 0.05 (0.004)*** 0.05 (0.004)*** 0.04 (0.003)*** 0.03 (0.003)***
Urban living − 0.006 (0.006) 0.001 (0.006) 0.003 (0.005) 0.004 (0.005)
  1. The predicted variable in all hierarchical regression models was feelings of loneliness (continuous dependent variable). The sex regressor was coded 1 = female and 0 = male; the employment status regressor was coded 1 = employed and 0 = unemployed; the relationship status regressor was coded 1 = single and 0 = in a relationship. Values represent \(\beta\) values and standard errors in parentheses. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.