Figure 4 | Scientific Reports

Figure 4

From: Genetical control of 2D pattern and depth of the primordial furrow that prefigures 3D shape of the rhinoceros beetle horn

Figure 4

Summary of beetle horn development via “folding and extension”. In the “folding and extension” seen in beetle horn development, the final 3D shape has been already prefigured when the folding process is done. In this study, we demonstrated that the folding process can be divided into (1) macro structure formation and (2) micro furrow formation. Micro furrow formation can be further divided into depth regulation and 2D pattern formation via Notch and CyclinE control, respectively.

Back to article page