Influence of mean and maximum tracking errors on mortality outcomes. Initial mortality outcomes using LD90 conditions with a 532 nm laser from previous anesthetized work showed strong correlation with (a) mean and (b) maximum tracking errors over the 25 ms pulse duration. After setting and achieving new tracking error targets of less than 2 pixels mean and 3 pixels max (see Fig. 2b for depictions of overlap between the laser spot and the subject for various error magnitudes), identical experiments no longer showed any correlation with (c) mean or (d) maximum tracking errors. Moribund and dead outcomes were grouped in (c) and (d), labeled “Disabled,” and subsequent experiments since they both represent functional kills and are grouped as such in WHO guidelines for insecticide trials.