Representative fine tracking camera images of A. stephensi silhouettes. In each frame, the approximate outline of the thorax and abdomen is drawn (thick black lines) according to a set pixel intensity threshold. The centroid of this region is then calculated (intersection of red crosshairs) and compared with the center of the camera’s field of view (green dot) to determine the current tracking error and provide input to the fine tracking PID loop controlling the direction of the scanning mirror. The green circle around the green dot represents the spot size of the laser (2.5 mm diameter for all images shown here); occlusion factor represents how much of this laser spot (assuming a Gaussian profile) overlaps with the body of the subject. The images in (a) demonstrate a typical time course for a single subject in 1 ms intervals, and those in (b) show representative depictions of tracking errors ranging from 1 to 5 pixels for various subjects.