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Retraction Note: Insomnia, sleepiness, anxiety and depression among different types of gamers in African countries

The Original Article was published on 06 February 2020

Retraction of: Scientific Reports, published online 06 February 2020

The Editors have retracted this Article.

After publication serious concerns were raised that the results described in the Article, in particular the outcomes of statistical analyses, are internally inconsistent and that some results are mathematically impossible. Independent post-publication peer review has confirmed that there are numerous anomalies in the data which undermine the results and conclusions.

F. A. Etindele Sosso, D. J. Kuss, C. Vandelanotte, J. L. Jasso-Medrano, M. E. Husain, G. Curcio, D. Papadopoulos, A. Aseem, P. Bhati, G. D’Aurizio, H. Mansouri, T. Khoury, M. Campbell and A. J. Toth agree with the retraction. F. Lopez-Rosales and J. Ramon Becerra have not responded to any correspondence from the Editors about this retraction.

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Correspondence to F. A. Etindele Sosso.

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Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit

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Sosso, F.A.E., Kuss, D.J., Vandelanotte, C. et al. Retraction Note: Insomnia, sleepiness, anxiety and depression among different types of gamers in African countries. Sci Rep 10, 9256 (2020).

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