Table 2 Diagnostic accuracy considering sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative Likelihood Ratio’s, Diagnostic Odds Ratio, and Area Under the Curve, for different pulmonary pathologies.

From: The diagnostic accuracy of lung auscultation in adult patients with acute pulmonary pathologies: a meta-analysis

 TotalSensitivitySpecificityLR + LR−DORAUCHeterogeneity Chi-squareI-square (95% CI)
All340.37 (0.30, 0.47)0.89 (0.85, 0.92)3.2 (2.3, 4.2)0.72 (0.65, 0.79)4 (3, 6)0.69 (0.65, 0.73)Q = 2742, df = 2 p < 0.001100 (100,100)
Congestive heart failure60.46 (0.31, 0.62)0.67 (0.55, 0.78)1.4 (0.9, 2.1)0.80 (0.59, 1.08)2 (1,4)0.61 (0.57, 0.65)Q = 473.4,
df=2,
p < 0.001
100 (99,100)
Hematopneumothorax50.70 (0.48, 0.85)0.99 (0.97, 100)58.2 (19.6, 173.2)0.31 (0.16, 0.59)190 (37, 980)0.98 (0.97, 0.99)Q = 0.53,
df=2, p = 0.38
0 (0, 100)
Obstructive lung disease120.30 (0.20, 0.42)0.90 (0.83, 0.94)3.0 (2.2, 4.2)0.78 (0.69, 0.87)4 (3,6)0.69 (0.65, 0.73)Q = 547.4,
df=2,
p < 0.001
100 (100,100)
Pneumonia110.33 (0.24, 0.44)0.87 (0.81, 0.92)2.6 (1.9, 3.4)0.77 (0.68, 0.87)3 (2,5)0.68 (0.64, 0.72)Q = 1306.7,
df=2,
p < 0.001
100 (100, 100)
  1. Abbreviations: LR: Likelihood Ratio; DOR: Diagnostic Odds Ratio; AUC: Area Under the Curve.