Vortex – supported guidance in micro – structured fibres. (left) Monochromatic radiation in the leaky core mode of the hollow capillary. The axial component of the Poynting vector is from left to right (wavy red arrows). The mode losses are determined by the transverse component of the Poynting vector whose streamlines are represented by dashed red arrows. The losses are high because the streamlines of the transverse component are refracted at the hollow core boundary and further in the empty space are directed radially. (right) Hollow core micro - structured fibre. The streamlines of the transverse component are deviated by the optical vortices in the cladding, where the transverse component of the Poynting vector turns into zero, which leads to loss reduction. (We used Inkscape software to create the image).