Table 1 Detail on the evaluated lands and management practices in subtropical highland grasslands in southern Brazil.

From: Preventing traditional management can cause grassland loss within 30 years in southern Brazil

L IDO IDElevation (m)Land area (ha)Period (years)Cattle density (animals.ha¹)Fire frequency (years)Grasslands’ fateGrassland 1978 (ha)Grassland 2018 (ha)WE (%)PYWTM
1***a1571.412001160.32“shrubland”368.8367.60.41No0
2b1650.03403000.382“grassland/shrubland”146.4145.90.38No0
3c1250.01051000.572“shrubland”23.623.60.38No0
4d1616.7319100NA2“shrubland/forest”8.55.035.18Yes8
5e1650.0840300.242“forest”25.822.414.60Yes11
6*f1650.058.4800.372“shrubland”27.427.20.56Yes9
7f1650.068.5800.372“shrubland”60.859.91.41Yes9
8f1625.0114800.372“shrubland”37.231.811.27Yes9
9g1650.017.41300.573“shrubland”12.112.10.05No0
10h1650.068.82000.52“forest”27.126.42.40No0
11i1650.0651200.464“grassland”17.517.5−0.14No0
12j1650.0651000.422“grassland”19.619.50.43No0
13k1525.0150800.262“forest”11.511.22.14No0
14l1516.71901500.421“shrubland”28.111.763.60Yes9
15m1400.01481000.472“shrubland”45.643.23.18No0
16n1450.0118600.422“shrubland”8.38.3−0.44No0
17o1416.78002410.372–3“grassland”353.2322.20.15No0
18p1400.0800620.312“shrubland”451.7448.80.03No0
19q1700.05502500.332“shrubland”146.3145.20.41No0
20r1416.7700550.262–3“shrubland”330.5330.70.06No0
21s1450.0114800.41“shrubland”19.412.627.34Yes9
22s1450.0154800.41“shrubland”9.11.176.74Yes9
23t1600.0300350.332“shrubland/forest”16.56.645.94Yes5
24u1300.0155.81500.512“shrubland”54.650.84.15No0
25v1650.015001500.272“shrubland”380.8162.854.70Yes8
26v1521.410001500.22“shrubland”37.937.0−0.76No0
27w1650.02001000.51“shrubland”91.987.84.31No0
28x**1550.0169NANANANA109.2104.74.51No6
29x**1450.0300NANANANA132.5103.621.17Yes10
30y**1450.0135NANANANA42.939.67.43No6
31z**1650.0101NANANANA56.545.219.12No9
32aa**1500.036.8NANANANA16.814.215.12No9
33bb122019940NA2“grassland”NANANANoNA
34cc1070218560.282–3“shrubland”NANANANoNA
35dd130041.5800.72NANANANANANoNA
36ee1550120380.252“shrubland”NANANANoNA
37ff1600260.5290.692“forest”NANANAYesNA
38gg1550120150NA2NANANANAYesNA
39hh1500652500.382“grassland”NANANAYesNA
40ii12801501500.563“grassland”NANANANoNA
41jj1300602000.672–3“shrubland”NANANANoNA
42kk1540673000.522“grassland”NANANANoNA
43ll144562.53000.48NA“shrubland”NANANANoNA
  1. L ID = land ID; O ID = Owner ID; Period = Period the property is within the owner/family; WE = Woody encroachment; P = Within protected area (cattle and fire are prevented); YWTM = number of years without traditional management. Grasslands’ fate: the main answer of interviewees for the question: “What happens to grasslands if fire and cattle are excluded?”. Grassland 1978: grassland area computed in polygons in 1978. Grassland 2018: grassland area computed in polygons in 2018. *property was removed from the analysis due to a recent fire in grasslands. **owners that were not interviewed. *** land ID 1 has three owners (all interviewed) who use the same management techniques. NA = Data not available.