Table 2 Measured root-mean squared electric field strengths (ERMS) in the \(80\,MHz-6\,GHz\) frequency band in V/m.

From: Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Exposure of Western Honey Bees

ERMS(V/m)AalterMerelbekeEekloZomergemDrongen
Frequency BandPos 1Pos 2Pos 1Pos 2Pos 1Pos 2Pos 1Pos 2Pos 1Pos 2
FMa radio0.0190.0210.0090.0090.0180.0140.0110.0110.0090.008
T-DABb0.0040.0050.0050.004
TETRA (390 MHz- 395 MHz)0.0010.0010.0020.0010.0010.0010.0010.002
DVB-T 482 MHz0.0090.0060.0030.0030.0080.0060.0040.002
Freq. 592 MHz0.0010.0020.0020.002
DVB-T 650 MHz0.0080.0080.0030.0030.0020.0030.0060.0060.0060.004
DVB-T 674 MHz0.0040.0080.0040.0040.0020.0020.0060.0050.0040.004
ISM 868 MHz (869.5 MHz)0.0010.001
LTE 800 DL Prov. 1c0.0030.0040.0010.0010.0060.0040.0020.0020.0020.002
LTE 800 DL Prov. 20.0020.0020.0040.0040.0020.0020.0020.0020.0470.031
LTE 800 DL Prov. 30.0030.0020.0010.0010.0020.0020.0020.0020.0870.073
GSM 900 DL Prov. 10.0050.0040.0010.0020.0050.0070.0030.0040.0040.004
GSM 900 DL Prov. 20.0190.0360.0080.0090.0020.0030.0030.0040.0650.083
GSM 900 DL Prov. 30.0040.0040.0030.0020.0020.0030.0030.0040.1800.137
UMTS 900 DL Prov. 10.0010.0020.0010.0010.0030.0030.0020.0020.0020.001
UMTS 900 DL Prov. 20.0010.0010.0050.0060.0010.0010.0010.001
UMTS 900 DL Prov. 30.0020.0020.0010.0010.0010.0010.0020.0010.0550.055
LTE 1800 DL Prov. 10.0040.005
LTE 1800 DL Prov. 30.0040.004
DECT 1880 MHz0.0020.0030.0020.001
UMTS 2100 Prov. 10.0060.007
UMTS 2100 DL Prov. 20.0030.0030.0040.0040.0390.026
UMTS 2100 Prov. 30.0050.006
WiFi 2400 MHz instantaneousd0.007e0.008e0.006f0.002f
Total instantaneous0.0320.0460.0160.0160.0220.0200.0190.0180.2260.189
  1. a‘FM’ = Frequency Modulated,’TETRA’ = Terrestrial Trunked Radio, ‘DVB-T’ = Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial, ‘ISM’ = Industrial, Scientifical, and Medical’LTE’ = Long Term Evolution, ‘GSM’ = Global System for Mobile Communication, ‘UMTS’ = Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, ‘DECT’ = Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications, ‘WiFi’ = Wireless Fidelity.
  2. b‘—’ indicates that the frequency band was not present at the measurement site.
  3. cThree identified Providers are denoted as Prov. 1, 2, and 3.
  4. dERMS values for Wireless Fidelity (WiFi)depend on the used duty-cycle, which depends on the use of the network.
  5. eDuty cycle of 7%.
  6. fDuty cycle of 1%.