Phenotypes and predicted genetic origin of Hun and Avar age individuals. Eye, hair and skin colors with their probability values were predicted from HIrisPlex markers (Supplementary Table S2), gray shaded values predict non-European ancestry. Most likely origin of individuals was calculated from 34 AIMs (Supplementary Table S2) with two methods; multinomial logistic regression and naive Bayesian classifier (supposing Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium). “Cannot be classified” indicates that maximum probabilities of most likely ancestral origin are below 0.34. Names of individuals carrying SNP variants associated with lactase persistence are highlighted with green. Abbreviations are the following: NA = lack of data, EU = Europe, EA = East Asia AF = Africa.