The spatial, temporal, typological and taxonomic extent of food wasting by parrots: Spatial: Each circle shows a surveyed area. Blue circles represent areas where parrots are exotic species, while red circles are areas included in their native distribution. Temporal: The graph shows the total number of waste observations per month by all parrot species (light green) and, specifically, by Psittacula kramerii (dark green). Typological: Number of observations for different plant parts wasted by parrots. Others include invertebrates, stems, sprouts, resin and tree bark. Taxonomic: Number of bird species found wasting food and plant species involved. Pictures: Poicephalus meyerii (left) wasting Terminalia sericea fruits and seeds (right), pictures by J.L. Tella. Icons authors: Georgiana Ionescu (fruit), Shawn Erdely (seed), Mansion@design (flower), Noël Rasendrason (twig), Myly (leave) and Lisa Staudinger (asterisk), all from thenounproject.com.