Figure 2 | Scientific Reports

Figure 2

From: Bidirectional, Daily Temporal Associations between Sleep and Physical Activity in Adolescents

Figure 2

Temporal Associations between Nighttime Sleep Variables and Minutes in Daytime MVPA (panel 1) and Daytime Sedentary Behavior (panel 2). Panel 1: Delayed sleep offset and longer sleep duration was associated with less MVPA the next day (p < 0.001). More MVPA was associated with earlier sleep onset (p < 0.001), longer sleep duration (p < 0.05), and higher sleep maintenance efficiency (p < 0.001). Panel 2: Nights with earlier sleep onset (p < 0.001), earlier sleep offset (p < 0.001), and shorter sleep duration (p < 0.01) were associated with more next-day sedentary behavior. More daytime sedentary behavior was associated with later sleep onset (p < 0.001), later sleep offset (p < 0.001), shorter sleep duration (p < 0.001), and higher sleep maintenance efficiency (p < 0.001) that night. Results adjusted for covariates, including sex, age, mother’s education, family structure, household income to national poverty threshold, and age percentile body mass index. Note. MVPA is moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.

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