Table 9 Meta-analysis subgroup results: Nighttime events (climatological studies).

From: Meta-analysis of urbanization impact on rainfall modification

  Rainfall change percentage Rainfall change location (km)
Mean Effect Size (ESV) Mean Effect size ± Standard Deviation \(({\boldsymbol{E}}{{\boldsymbol{S}}}_{{\boldsymbol{V}}}\pm {\boldsymbol{S}}{{\boldsymbol{E}}}_{{\boldsymbol{E}}{{\boldsymbol{S}}}_{{\boldsymbol{V}}}})\) Number of studies Mean Effect Size (ESV) Mean Effect size ± Standard Deviation \(({\boldsymbol{E}}{{\boldsymbol{S}}}_{{\boldsymbol{V}}}\pm {\boldsymbol{S}}{{\boldsymbol{E}}}_{{\boldsymbol{E}}{{\boldsymbol{S}}}_{{\boldsymbol{V}}}})\) Number of studies
Urban Center 14 [−2, 30] 5 NA NA NA
Downwind −8 [−25, 9] 4 NA NA NA