Table 2 Summary of meteorological measurements used in this study.

From: Glacier ablation and temperature indexed melt models in the Nepalese Himalaya

Station Elevation m a.s.l. Time range Variables Sensor Precision
Mera Glacier ablation zone 5380 27 Nov 2013–12 Dec 2015 Ta, RH Vaisala HMP155 ±0.2 °C, ±2%
w Young 05103-5 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
inst. height Campbell SR50 ±0.01 m
21 Apr 2016–1 Jan 2017 Ta, RH Vaisala HMP155 ±0.2 °C, ±2%
w Young 05103-5 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
inst. height Campbell SR50 ±0.01 m
(Ta from 21 Nov 2016)
Mera-La 5350 11 Nov 2013–13 Nov 2016 Ta, RH Vaisala HMP155 ±0.2 °C, ±2%,
w Young 05103-5 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, (from 3 Mar 2014), Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
Pa (from 21 Nov 2013).
Campbell Sci. CS100 ±0.3 hPa
Pluviometer Pyramid 5035 6 Dec 2012–27 Apr 2016 Precipitation Geonor T-200B ±0.1 mm
Pluviometer Pheriche 4260 27 Apr 2016–5 Nov 2016 Precipitation Geonor T-200B ±0.1 mm
(gap from 16 Feb 2014 to 11 Apr 2014)
Mera Glacier accumulation zone 6352 (near summit) 20 Nov 2013–26 Aug 2014 Ta, RH Vaisala HMP155 ±0.2 °C, ±2%
w Young 05103-5 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
10 Dec 2014–2 Aug 2016 Station buried in snow on 28th of July Inst. Height (measured between 11 Apr 2015–6 Sep 2015 and 9 Dec 2015–2 Aug 2016) Campbell SR50 ±0.01 m
Yala Glacier ablation zone 5350 5 May 2014–19 July 2014 Ta, RH Rotronic HC2S3 ±0.1 °C, ± 0.8%
w Young 05103L-45 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
Pa, Vaisala PTB330 ±0.20 hPa
Snow depth Jenoptik SHM30
5 May 2016–18 Aug 2016 and 26 Oct 2016–1 Jan 2017 Ta, RH Rotronic HC2S3 ±0.1 °C, ± 0.8%
w Young 05103L-45 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
Pa, Campbell Sci. CS106 ±1.5 mb
Snow depth Campbell Sci. SR50 ±0.01 m
Yala Glacier base camp 4950 5 May 2014–14 Dec 2014 Ta, RH Rotronic HC2S3 ±0.1 °C, ± 0.8%
w Young 05103L-45 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
Pa Vaisala PTB330 ±0.20 hPa
precipitation OTT Pluvio 2 ±0.1 mm
27 Oct 2016–1 Jan 2017 Ta, RH Rotronic HC2S3 ±0.1 °C, ±0.8%
w Young 05103L-45 ±0.3 m s−1
SW, LW, Kipp&Zonen CNR4 ±3%
Pa Campbell Sci. CS106 ±1.5 mb
precipitation OTT Pluvio 2 ±0.1 mm