Table 4 Teacher Ratings of children’s Hyperactivity, Aggression and Attention Problems as BASC-2 T-scores, within and between groups, over 5 time points, controlling for age.

From: Randomized Controlled Trial comparing the effectiveness of structured-play (ENGAGE) and behavior management (TRIPLE P) in reducing problem behaviors in preschoolers

  Waitlist (WL) Baseline (BL) Post intervention (PI) 6 month follow-up 12 month follow-up Main effect Group Simple effect Time Multi. comp.
WL v BL
Multi. comp.
BL v PI
Multi. comp.
PI v 12moFU
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
Chi-sq. Chi-sq. Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Hyperactivity
  Engage 54.00
(7.52)
54.64
(4.67)
52.32
(4.13)
53.08
(6.81)
54.16
(8.48)
0.43
N.S
25.33*** −3.14*
(−0.10)
1.86
(0.52)
−1.62
(−0.26)
  Triple P 52.80
(5.71)
52.75
(5.40)
48.71
(3.04)
50.69
(5.05)
52.81
(5.14)
30.97*** 2.88*
(0.01)
2.99***
(0.90)
−0.88
(−0.90)
Attention
  Engage 51.64
(9.10)
52.56
(5.48)
50.32
(4.72)
50.67
(4.70)
51.84
(8.80)
0.88
N.S
6.56
N.S
−0.71
(−0.13)
2.35
(0.43)
−0.70
(−0.21)
  Triple P 49.60
(6.53)
49.68
(5.46)
46.17
(4.22)
47.79
(5.19)
51.19
(6.67)
41.98*** 2.96*
(−0.13)
2.03
(0.70)
−3.62**
(−0.88)
Aggression
  Engage 55.07
(7.55)
54.20
(5.15)
53.45
(5.75)
53.38
(6.38)
52.68
(7.31)
0.00
N.S
1.64
N.S
−1.19
(0.14)
0.21
(0.14)
−0.19
(0.14)
  Triple P 57.33
(7.54)
57.14
(8.54)
50.92
(5.65)
52.69
(6.82)
54.04
(5.71)
36.49*** 4.09***
(0.02)
2.79*
(0.85)
−0.89
(−0.54)