Table 3 Parent Ratings of children’s Hyperactivity, Aggression and Attention Problems as BASC-2 T-scores, within and between groups, over 5 time points, controlling for age.

From: Randomized Controlled Trial comparing the effectiveness of structured-play (ENGAGE) and behavior management (TRIPLE P) in reducing problem behaviors in preschoolers

  Waitlist (WL) Baseline (BL) Post intervention (PI) 6 month follow-up 12 month follow-up Main effect Group Simple effect Time Multi. comp.
WL v BL
Multi. comp
BL v PI
Multi. comp.
PI v 12mo FU
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
M
(SD)
Chi-sq. Chi-sq. Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Z.
(Hedge’s g)
Hyperactivity
  Engage 73.33
(8.77)
72.72
(6.21)
60.17
(6.71)
60.86
(6.24)
57.59
(7.03)
0.03
N.S
76.76*** 0.74
(0.58)
6.92***
(1.91)
1.02
(0.37)
  Triple P 75.07
(7.23)
72.26
(7.27)
59.32
(7.78)
60.32
(5.30)
60.74
(6.13)
58.98*** 1.71
(0.3
8)
7.34***
(1.70)
−0.59
(−0.20)
Attention
  Engage 63.20
(4.81)
62.52
(4.93)
54.10
(5.57)
56.31
(6.00)
56.17
(5.09)
0.05
N.S
76.75*** 1.14
(0.14)
6.04***
(1.58)
−1.24
(−0.38)
  Triple P 62.07
(4.64)
61.45
(5.46)
54.55
(5.95)
55.71
(4.40)
56.06
(5.16)
28.93*** 0.23
(0.12)
5.05***
(1.19)
−0.44
(−0.26)
Aggression
  Engage 64.47
(10.71)
63.69
(7.75)
53.86
(5.15)
56.62
(5.11)
56.52
(5.11)
0.83
N.S
45.29*** 1.53
(0.08)
6.14***
(1.47)
−1.47
(−0.51)
  Triple P 65.40
(6.40)
62.81
(8.24)
53.16
(6.09)
54.19
(6.13)
54.16
(6.13)
36.03*** 1.00
(0.34)
5.33***
(1.32)
−0.16
(−0.16)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.
  2. ENGAGE: WL n = 15; BL n = 29; PI n = 29; 12mo FU n = 29.
  3. Triple P: WL n = 15; BL n = 31; PI n = 31; 12mo FU n = 31.