Table 1 Performance of the wind model and surge model for four major TCs. S.D. indicates the standard deviation across the tide gauge stations.

From: Spatiotemporal patterns of extreme sea levels along the western North-Atlantic coasts

Wind simulations   Katrina Ike Irene Sandy
EBTRCK NRMSE (%) 17.2 15.1 28.6 22.7
Pearson corr. (r) 0.67 0.67 0.38 0.31
ERA-Interim NRMSE (%) 21.6 23.0 30.2 21.8
Pearson corr. (r) 0.18 0.06 0.26 0.03
Surge simulations
EBTRCK Mean bias (m) −0.03
S.D. 0.17
−0.13
S.D. 0.67
0.20
S.D. 0.24
0.00
S.D. 0.41
Mean absolute error (m) 0.13
S.D. 0.11
0.55
S.D. 0.37
0.24
S.D. 0.20
0.32
S.D. 0.25
Hit rate (%) 60 31 35 42
Pearson corr. (r) 0.95 0.84 0.83 0.81
ERA-Interim Mean bias (m) 0.03
S.D. 0.34
−0.49
S.D. 0.62
0.07
S.D. 0.25
−0.08
S.D. 0.34
Mean absolute error (m) 0.24
S.D. 0.23
0.61
S.D. 0.49
0.20
S.D. 0.17
0.27
S.D. 0.21
Hit rate (%) 40 31 47 44
Pearson corr. (r) 0.77 0.73 0.79 0.75
  No. of tide gauges within 500 km radius of TC track 10 13 46 45