Table 3 Results of the LME models for switching cost.

From: Distinct online and offline effects of alpha and beta transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) on continuous bimanual performance and task-set switching

Switching Costs Wald statistics Type III sums of squares test
Parameter estimates (SE) t-value (df) Pr(>|t|) F-value (df) Pr(>F)
a) based on transition latency
Fixed effects
COORDINATION PATTERN [IP] −24.81 (12.34) −2.01 (888.0) 0.045* 27.458 (1, 888.0) 0.000***
tACS CONDITION [20 Hz] −7.10 (12.34) −0.58 (888.0) 0.57 3.681 (2, 888.0) 0.03*
[10 Hz] 9.46 (12.34) 0.77 (888.0) 0.44   
COORDINATION PATTERN* tACS CONDITION [IP, 20 Hz] −23.92 (17.45) −1.37 (888.0) 0.17 0.946 (2, 888.0) 0.39
[IP, 10 Hz] −13.65 (17.45) −0.78 (888.0) 0.43
Random effects Variance component (SD)   
  Intercept|subject level 5687 (75.41)   ω2 = 0.35
  Residual 11574 (107.58)  
b) based on error rate
Fixed effects
COORDINATION PATTERN [IP] −0.03 (0.46) −0.06 (888.0) 0.95 0.512 (1, 888.0) 0.48
tACS CONDITION [20 Hz] 0.09 (0.46) 0.18 (888.0) 0.85 4.314 (2, 888.0) 0.01*
[10 Hz] 0.70 (0.46) 1.52 (888.0) 0.13   
COORDINATION PATTERN* tACS CONDITION [IP, 20 Hz] 0.23 (0.65) 0.36 (888.0) 0.72 0.212 (2, 888.0) 0.81
[IP, 10 Hz] 0.43 (0.65) 0.65 (888.0) 0.52   
Random effects Variance component (SD)   ω2 = 0.31
  Intercept|subject level 7.16 (2.68)  
  Residual 16.27 (4.033)  
  1. Parameter estimates are given for factor levels given in squared brackets with respect to AP COORDINATION PATTERN and OFF tACS CONDITION as reference categories. Asterisks indicate level of significance at ***p < 0.0001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05 estimated for LME models with Satterthwaite approximation. For both models the number of observations was 912 for 19 groups, i.e. subject.