Table 1 Differences in television viewing patterns dependent on key demographic factors.

From: Television viewing and cognitive decline in older age: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

  Total (N = 3,590) <2.5 hrs/day 2.5–3.5 hrs/day 3.5–4.5 hrs/day 4.5–7 hrs/day >7 hrs/day Test statistic
Age (mean, SD) 67.1 (7.7) 66.1 (7.8) 66.7 (7.4) 67.4 (7.8) 68.0 (8.0) 67.1 (7.4) F4,3585 = 6.63
Sex
Men 43.8% 23.8% 20.5% 16.8% 20.8% 18.0% Χ2(4) = 44.2
Women 56.2% 16.2% 18.0% 19.6% 25.5% 20.7%
Marital status
Married/cohabiting 72.4% 21.1% 19.8% 18.1% 22.3% 18.8% Χ2(4) = 21.2
Not married 27.6% 15.6% 17.4% 19.0% 26.5% 21.5%
Employment
Full time 14.9% 28.2% 23.6% 16.1% 16.5% 15.7% Χ2(8) = 80.5
Part time 15.4% 24.2% 20.1% 19.9% 17.7% 18.1%
Not working 69.7% 16.7% 18.0% 18.5% 26.2% 20.7%
Retired 9.1% 17.9% 17.5% 20.9% 21.5% 22.2% Χ2(4) = 4.06
Education
No educational qualifications 27.5% 7.6% 12.7% 16.8% 32.5% 30.4% Χ2(3) = 399.1a
Education qualifications at 16 19.5% 16.9% 19.6% 21.0% 23.6% 19.0%
Education qualifications at 18 34.8% 19.1% 21.5% 19.3% 22.8% 17.3%
Degree 18.2% 41.3% 23.9% 16.1% 10.7% 8.1%
Wealth
Lower quintile 19.4% 8.2% 11.3% 17.1% 32.9% 30.6% Χ2(4) = 323.3a
2nd quintile 20.0% 12.1% 17.1% 18.5% 29.1% 23.1%
3rd quintile 20.1% 17.0% 19.3% 21.1% 22.7% 19.9%
4th quintile 20.3% 27.6% 21.6% 18.5% 17.6% 14.7%
Highest quintile 20.2% 32.3% 25.9% 16.6% 15.3% 9.9%
Chronic condition
New chronic condition 10.2% 21.6% 20.5% 16.7% 21.9% 19.4% Χ2(4) = 2.3
No new chronic condition 89.8% 19.3% 19.0% 18.6% 23.6% 19.6%
Ongoing chronic condition
Ongoing chronic condition 3.0% 6.4% 11.9% 15.6% 35.8% 30.3% Χ2(4) = 27.3
No ongoing chronic condition 97.0% 20.0% 19.3% 18.4% 23.0% 19.2%
Physical activity level
Sedentary/low 24.4% 12.5% 15.1% 17.5% 29.8% 25.2% Χ2(2) = 96.3a
Moderately active 53.2% 19.1% 20.0% 19.0% 23.4% 18.4%
Highly active 22.4% 28.2% 21.4% 17.8% 16.5% 16.2%
Not leaving the house 45.3% 16.5% 18.1% 17.7% 26.7% 21.1% Χ2(4) = 34.5
Mobility problem 7.9% 12.3% 9.8% 16.1% 31.9% 29.8% Χ2(4) = 49.4
Reading a daily newspaper 62.8% 19.4% 18.5% 18.2% 24.1% 19.8% Χ2(4) = 34.5
Using the internet 54.7% 26.3% 22.3% 17.7% 19.3% 14.3% Χ2(4) = 34.5
  1. aKruskall-Wallis Test; boldface indicates statistical significance (P < 0.001).