Table 3 The comparison among different blood glucose groups.

From: The prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes and their associated factors in Northeast China: a cross-sectional study

  Pre-diabetes vs. normal Previously diagnosed diabetes vs. normal Newly diagnosed diabetes vs. normal
OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Age Young 1    1    1   
Middle 1.41 1.38–1.66 <0.001 4.28 3.44–5.24 <0.001 2.35 1.88–2.94 <0.001
Old 1.68 1.46–1.93 <0.001 5.93 4.64–7.56 <0.001 2.77 2.06–1.62 <0.001
Sex Men 1    1    1   
Women 0.65 0.59–0.72 <0.001 0.63 0.53–0.73 <0.001 0.51 0.41–0.64 <0.001
Region Urban 1    1    1   
Rural 0.71 0.65–0.77 <0.001 1.12 0.97–1.29 0.115 0.78 0.65–0.95 0.011
BMI Normal 1    1    1   
Underweight 0.74 0.58–0.94 <0.001 0.73 0.45–1.18 0.197 0.81 0.44–1.52 0.514
Overweight 1.52 1.37–1.69 <0.001 1.16 0.98–1.37 0.090 1.48 1.16–1.87 0.001
Obesity 1.83 1.59–2.09 <0.001 1.53 1.25–1.87 <0.001 1.79 1.34–2.39 <0.001
Education Primary school and below 1    1    1   
Junior middle school 1.11 0.96–1.28 0.165 0.97 0.81–1.16 0.751 0.95 0.75–1.20 0.658
Senior middle school 0.94 0.84–1.05 0.292 0.78 0.60–1.03 0.075 0.79 0.56–1.11 0.176
Under graduate and above 1.20 1.08–1.34 0.001 1.40 1.19–1.65 <0.001 1.23 0.98–1.55 0.078
Occupation Intelligence 1    1    1   
Manual 1.11 0.99–1.25 0.079 0.94 0.75–1.18 0.607 0.95 0.72–1.26 0.733
Retired 1.14 0.97–1.35 0.109 1.50 1.17–1.92 0.002 0.91 0.63–1.31 0.616
Others 0.94 0.80–1.11 0.473 1.01 0.77–1.32 0.944 1.23 0.98–1.55 0.606
Marriage Married/cohabitation 1    1    1   
Single 1.22 0.89–1.68 0.215 3.22 1.50–6.95 <0.001 3.32 1.60–6.91 0.001
Divorced/Separated 0.74 0.58–0.94 0.012 2.15 1.11–4.19 <0.001 1.93 0.98–3.79 0.056
windowed 1.52 1.37–1.69 <0.001 2.68 1.44–4.98 0.002 2.04 1.17–1.87 0.012
Drink No 1       1   
Yes 1.18 1.07–1.30 0.001 0.72 0.61–0.85 <0.001 1.28 1.05–1.57 0.017
Smoke Never 1       1   
Now 1.15 1.04–1.26 0.007 1.01 0.86–1.18 0.940 1.22 0.99–1.50 0.057
Once 1.10 0.95–1.28 0.195 1.33 1.08–1.62 0.006 1.01 0.75–1.37 0.944
Exercise Never or rarely 1    1    1   
Sometimes 0.98 0.87–1.09 0.650 0.44 0.38–0.51 <0.001 0.93 0.73–1.19 0.572
Often 0.89 0.81–0.98 0.021 0.66 0.55–0.79 <0.001 0.88 0.72–1.07 0.202
Family history No 1    1    1   
Yes 1.15 1.03–1.28 0.016 4.43 3.84–5.10 <0.001 1.85 1.49–2.30 <0.001
Central obesity No 1    1    1   
Yes 1.33 1.20–1.47 <0.001 2.61 2.19–3.12 <0.001 2.06 1.62–2.62 <0.001